From the 11th to 13th centuries Corsica was dominated by the city state of Pisa, superseded in 1284 competitor, Genova. To avoid seaborne raids, mostly from North Africa, a substantial defence system was built that contained watch towers and citadels, several which still dot the coast line.
The island has since been part of France, with the exception of a span (1794–96) when it was under English domination, and throughout the German and Italian profession of 1940–43.
Corsicans have cared for his or her isle’s environmental science. In 1972 the sparsely inhabited Parc Naturel Régional d e Corse (PNRC) was created, protecting more than a third (3505 sq kilometers) of the isle.
The assassination of Corsica’s préfet (prefect), Claude Erignac, in Ajaccio in 1998 rocked Corsica, and in 2001, the French parliament given Corsica restricted autonomy in trade for an end to separatist violence. The expenses was over turned by France’s highcourt because it violated the principle of national unity, even though Corsica was given the right to have the Corsican language (more closely linked to Italian than French) educated in schools. Few Corsicans help the separatist Front de Libération Nationale de la Corse (FLNC); and voted down a referendum in 2003 that would have observed the isle develop greater autonomy. For now, Corsica stays part of France’s abundant mixture of cultures.
On several events, Corsican displeasure with rule resulted in open revolt. In 1755, after 25 years of irregular war against the Genoese, Corsicans declared their autonomy, directed by Pasquale Paoli (1725–1807), under whose rule they created a Nationwide Assembly and embraced the most democratic constitution in Europe. In addition they embraced La Tête d e Maure (the Moor’s Head) – an account of a blackhead sporting a white bandanna and a hooped earring, which first appeared in Corsica in 1297 – as a national symbol. Based on legend, the bandanna initially covered the Moor’s eyes, and was lifted to the brow to symbolise the isle’s liberation.
Corsicans created the inland mountain city of Corte blood vendettas that are outlawed, their money, created an university and started universities, but the isle’s freedom was shortlived. In 1768 Corsica was ceded by the Genoese to the French king Louis XV, whose troops destroyed Paoli’s ground forces in 1769.